The Spatial Narrative of Games

| 13 Comments

01-620x.jpg©Tri-Crescendo, Namco

Fragile Dreams: Farewell Ruins of the Moon is a game for the Nintendo Wii that was released in 2009 by Namco-Bandai. It came and went without much fanfare. Even its creators knew it was a niche game: a post-apocalyptic video game without zombie/infected/soldier shooting, and no large selection of firearms, so they described it as an "atmospheric adventure". Fragile Dreams focused on story. It's main character goes on a quiet, contemplative journey across a desolate world, battling the ghosts of its previous inhabitants.

Although it misses a lot of the marks 'proper' games are known for, it succeeds in one of the aspects that set video games apart from other entertainment mediums: it creates a solid sense of place.

For a long time, illustrative art has been concerned with creating images that are true to life. Artists immortalized important people in portraits, or created scenes from myth or history with their skill. It was art that sought not only to convey a message, but to transport the viewer to a different place.

When cameras were invented, they made the process of capturing moments in time easier, and -more importantly- available to a wider audience. You no longer needed to learn to paint or have enough money to commission someone for a portrait. The technology to capture images evolved at a rapid pace, and soon we had movies that let us delve into the lives of others, and tour places we could not have normally seen.

Creating space is a storytelling device, sometimes separate from the narrative plot. A scene, whether written, drawn, or rendered, must have weight and depth and detail. So much of art gravitates towards this idea that it's no wonder each technological advancement has been used to find new ways to create a sense of place. It is not that each new step is better than the last, but that these advancements have allowed a wider range of people to create new things.

When video games entered the stage, they had to focus on a created space rather than story. The mechanics of gameplay needed a context to function, and that interplay of space and action made games known for their interactivity.

fragile-dreams-wii-screens.jpg©Tri-Crescendo, Namco

Fragile Dreams shows its theme through space. The focus of the game is not combat, but character an exploration. It begins at a dilapidated mall, a place associated with bustling crowds that is now dark, flooded, and covered in graffiti that the last survivors wrote as their goodbyes. It's a game that talks about isolation; the ways people relate to each other.

It's not the first nor the last game to use this setting. The Fallout series, from Bethesda Softworks, is set in a radioactive wasteland, and The Last of Us, From Naughty Dog, shows the aftermath of a deadly airborne infection. Each game has a different way of showcasing the way the world was destroyed: Fallout's earthy color palette shows a barren land due to the radioactivity, while The Last of Us's emphasizes the green of nature overtaking man-made structure, an extension of the infection's natural origins.

bibii.jpg

©Bethesda Softworks

Post-Apocalyptic settings evoke a sense of discomfort by putting the player in a place that is familiar, only wrong. These games build a sense of dread by breaking down the dams, the streets, and the skyscrapers, and letting nature overtake them. What to us looks infallible in the present becomes evidence of hubris.

Henry Jenkins, Professor of Communication, Journalism, and Cinematic Arts at the University of Southern California, wrote an essay titled "Game Design as Narrative Architecture", where he argued that "It is no accident, that game design documents have historically been more interested in issues of level design than on plotting or character motivation." Pre-release articles and interviews for games tend to talk more about graphic development, and the ways in which the player will be able to interact with the environment, than the intricacies of the plot. Take this "Next Gen Tech Demo" for Call of Duty: Ghosts for example. Call of Duty is not popularly known for its story, but it is a huge franchise that puts strong emphasis on graphics and performance.

Visual elements are not the only aspect of spatial design that create that sense of place- audio design is as much an important element, because it expands on the sense of immersion in the game's space. A soft growling off to your left warns you of a coming enemy; this adds another dimension to the perceived space-- the element of the unseen but upcoming, which makes the place feel alive. Visual and audio input help you navigate the space and make your decisions. Should you go down that hallway? As an interactive narrative, that choice is yours.

Dear Esther is similar to Fragile Dreams in the way that it uses sound and environment to tell its story. It is a short indie game that was developed by The Chinese Room and released in 2012 for Windows and Mac. It earned a lot of critical praise for its story and setting, but got some backlash from regular players because it doesn't have any other gameplay elements besides movement. No combat, no inventory, not even opening doors. The narrative develops as you explore a desolated island; each time you come upon a certain point, and new narration is unlocked and you hear the letters the protagonist dedicates to the mysterious Esther.

The game toys with the idea of what constitutes a game, and as a story, it isn't particularly extraordinary. What sets it apart is that you are involved in its development. It is because you lifted your sights from the ocean shore and saw a lighthouse in the distance that you decide to go to it, and it is because a strange radio signal whispered to you somewhere to the left that you deviate from the path and found a once-inhabited cave with more clues about the story. You saw the chemical formulas scribbled on a cave wall without being told that you saw them, and stumbled upon the ghost staring at you from its reflection in the water on your own.

esther0074.jpg

©The Chinese Room

With games, unlike books or movies, you are given a sense that this space was created for you to move through, and there is a strong narrative potential in the simple act of locomotive freedom. When you buy a game, sometimes it's about wanting to 'be' there, rather than wanting a story.


Sources:

Jenkins, Henry. "Game Design as Narrative Architecture." Electronic Book Review. 10 July 2004.http://www.electronicbookreview.com/thread/firstperson/lazzi-fair



13 Comments

I saw your website in a facebook page fb australianwritings then now i visit your website. I am feeling amazing !! Because i already got lots of game content from here. Thank you so much for that.

Nice guide, very thorough help with nursing assignment Even though most of these things are applicable for any shopping, you mentioned important things that are specific to game stores.

DPS has a very good hostel for the students where they get homely environment. Students of various age groups and different places live in the hostel. They get opportunity to interact with diverse group of students and people. In hostel students develop their confidence and become independent.
DPS Boarding school

Take One School of Mass Communication considered as a part of the Top Mass Communication Colleges in India.
Mass communication courses in Delhi

helinlin 2017.8.7
coach factory outlet
coach outlet
moncler outlet
dallas cowboys jerseys
yeezy boost
gucci outlet
mont blanc
christian louboutin
seattles eahawks jerseys
nike factory store
cheap oakley sunglasses
nike shoes for men
kevin durant shoes
air jordan retro
sac longchamp
ugg outlet
nike air max
michael kors factory outlet
nmd adidas
true religion jeans
coach outlet
yeezy boost
longchamp handbags
birkenstock sandals
columbia shoes
sac longchamp pas cher
coach outlet online
nike store
longchamp bags
coach factory outlet
ed hardy clothing
rayban
parada handbags
louis vuitton outlet store
hermes bags
coach factory outlet
michael kors uk
marc jacobs handbags
nike store
kate spade handbags
adidas nmd
michael kors handbags
true religion
ugg outlet
true religion outlet
ralph lauren uk
coach factory outlet
rolex replica watches
nike air max
adidas superstar shoes
ecco shoes
cheap jordan shoes
fred perry
christian louboutin shoes
swarovski crystal
adidas outlet
birkenstock shoes
michael kors handbags
michael kors uk
kate spade handbags
yeezy boost 350
tods shoes
coach outlet
cheap nike air max
kate spade
mulberry handbags
cheap jordans
nike free run black
coach outlet
kate spade handbags
coach outlet
coach outlet
louis vuitton outlet
polo ralph lauren
pandora outlet
adidas yeezy
yeezy boost 350
true religion outlet
hermes outlet
christian louboutin outlet
prada outlet
coach factory outlet online
versace shoes
fitflops
adidas nmd
nike air max
tory burch outlet
cheap oakley sunglasses
adidas nmd
steph curry shoes
red bottoms
coach outlet online
ralph lauren outlet
pandora uk
polo ralph lauren outlet
replica watches
yeezy boost 350
adidas shoes
adidas yeezy
polo ralph lauren outlet
polo outlet
mulberry bags
birkenstock outlet
clarks shoes
nike free run flyknit
louboutin pas cher
birkenstock sandals
fake rolex
red bottoms shoes
ysl handbags
michael kors outlet clearance
ugg outlet
adidas shoes
michael kors outlet
rolex replica
nike air max 90
yeezy 350 boost
mbt shoes
adidas superstar
valentino shoes outlet
pandora jewelry outlet
michael kors outlet
golden state warriors jerseys
michael kors outlet online
nike air max
christian louboutin outlet
air max 95
mlb jerseys cheap
coach outlet store online
coach outlet store
coach factory outlet
swarovski jewellery
michael kors outlet
ralph lauren sale clearance
cheap nfl jerseys
columbia outlet online
toms shoes
moncler jackets
levis jeans
hermes handbags
birkenstock sandals
burberry outlet canada
coach outlet store
salomon shoes
polo ralph lauren outlet online
cheap mlb jerseys
adidas outlet
christian louboutin sale
birkenstock sandals
christian louboutin sale
christian louboutin
adidas yeezy boost
coach outlet
mulberry outlet
air jordan uk
fitflops
pandora outlet
cheap jerseys
coach factory outlet
louis vuitton outlet
pandora charms
yeezy boost 350
supra shoes
michael kors handbags
moncler
nmd adidas
christian louboutin shoes
coach canada
coach outlet
cheap jordans
birkenstock shoes
coach outlet
michael kors handbags
longchamp uk
cheap mlb jerseys
jordan retro 11
longchamp uk
fendi handbags
oakley sunglasses
jordan retro
nike outlet
hermes birkin
pandora outlet
celine outlet
fit flops
chi flat iron
michael kors outlet
valentino shoes
mbt shoes
polo ralph lauren
discount oakley sunglasses
louboutin chaussures
adidas outlet
coach outlet
sac longchamp pas cher
louis vuitton handbags
coach outlet
ralph lauren outlet
pandora
polo ralph lauren
michael kors outlet
michael kors canada
salomon shoes outlet
ralph lauren uk
polo ralph lauren
adidas pas cher
christian louboutin outlet
nike outlet store
vans shoes
dansko outlet store
clarks outlet
fitflops
jimmy choo
longchamp outlet
ugg outlet
coach factory outlet
cheap jordans free shipping
fred perry
adidas uk
pandora jewelry
michael kors handbags
longchamp outlet
kd 9 shoes
houston texans jerseys
ray ban sunglasses
ralph lauren outlet online
sac longchamp pliage
yeezy boost
celine outlet store
coach outlet
tory burch outlet
coach outlet
cheap nfl jerseys wholesale
nike air max 90
pandora jewelry
nike shoes outlet
adidas uk
fitflops shoes
yeezy boost
coach outlet store
cveland cavaliers jerseys
coach outlet
birkenstock sandals
toms outlet
pandora jewelry
ray ban sunglasses
true religion outlet
pandora jewelry
adidas shoes
coach outlet
red bottoms shoes
michael kors outlet
kate spade outlet
longchamp handbags
doudoune moncler
coach outlet
michael kors outlet clearance
cat shoes
parker pens
pandora charms
jordan shoes
hermes handbags
adidas trainers
nike shoes
coach outlet store online clearances
adidas superstar
cheap nike shoes
ralph lauren uk
borse gucci
pandora charms sale clearance
adidas shoes
toms shoes outlet
adidas nmd
cheap nfl jerseys
adidas outlet
true religion jeans
michael kors handbags
air jordans
ralph lauren outlet
salomon shoes
nike outlet online
ralph lauren sale clearance
vans outlet store
cheap jordans
tods outlet
toms shoes
oakley sunglasses
ray ban sunglasses
cheap ray ban sunglasses
pandora jewelry
adidas yeezy boost 350
clarks outlet
longchamp handbags
michael kors uk
new england patriots jerseys
coach handbags
polo ralph lauren
mbt shoes
nike outlet
discount ray ban sunglasses
coach outlet
birkenstock pas cher
nmd shoes
nike store
louboutin shoes
ralph lauren
air max 2017
longchamp uk
christian louboutin
dansko sandals
coach outlet store
fitflops uk
coach outlet online
pandora jewelry
ralph lauren outlet
jordans
adidas superstar
wholesale nike shoes
cheap jordans
ralph lauren uk
adidas yeezy
ralph lauren outlet
coach outlet
nike air max
michael kors canada
coach outlet
michael kors outlet
pandora charms sale
adidas yeezy
clarks shoes
adidas superstar
longchamp bags
moncler jackets
kate spade outlet
pandora soldes
timberland boots
louboutin uk
coach outlet store
ray ban sunglasses
ed hardy
james harden shoes
yeezy boost 350
michael kors outlet
ray ban sunglasses discount
pandora charms
michael kors outlet
michael kors outlet
adidas yeezy
ralph lauren sale clearance
ugg boots
louis vuitton outlet online
michael kors bags
cheap jerseys from china
pandora jewelry
coach factory outlet
mlb jerseys wholesale
nike air max outlet
nike air max 90
giuseppe zanotti sneakers
nike roshe run
pandora charms
tory burch outlet store
cheap mlb jerseys
official coach factory outlet
mont blanc pens
mulberry uk
coach factory outlet
nike air max pas cher
michael kors
denver broncos jerseys
gucci outlet
mont blanc
giuseppe zanotti outlet
nike outlet
coach factory outlet
adidas shoes
cheap nfl jerseys
fitflops sale clearance
coach outlet store
true religion jeans
pandora charms
burberry outlet
michael kors outlet online
michael kors handbags
coach outlet store
nike roshe
adidas shoes
coach factory outlet
pandora bijoux
michael kors outlet online
yeezy boost 350 v2
ugg outlet store
coach outlet
nike free flyknit
coach outlet
christian louboutin
marc jacobs bags
polo ralph lauren outlet online
hollister clothing store
air max
pandora charms
fitflops
longchamp outlet store
valentino
dolce and gabbana outlet
oakley sunglasses
cheap jordans
nike free 5.0
adidas nmd
birkenstocks
michael kors outlet store
oakley sunglasses
cheap ray bans
red bottoms
pandora uk
birkenstocks
michael kors outlet clearance
ralph lauren outlet
pandora charms
coach factory outlet
coach factory outlet
under armour shoes
moncler outlet
fred perry polo
fit flops
fitflops sale clearance
uggs
adidas shoes
michael kors
nmd adidas
coach factory outlet
hermes handbags
ralph lauren outlet
polo ralph lauren outlet
ralph lauren outlet online
coach outlet
fitflop sandals
ultra boost
dansko shoes
toms shoes outlet
coach bags
cheap jordans
coach factory outlet
michael kors outlet
oakley sunglasses
coach factory outlet online
miami heat jerseys
christian louboutin outlet
coach factory outlet
louboutin
pandora charms uk
hollister co
coach outlet
nfl jerseys wholesale
swarovski crystal
sac michael kors
louis vuitton handbags outlet
nike shoes
oakley sunglasses outlet
dansko outlet
rolex watches
helinlin 2017.8.7

true religion uk
burberry handbags
ralph lauren polo
coach outlet online 70% off
superdry clothing
canada goose outlet
coach outlet 70% off
ugg boots clearance
coach outlet
coach factory outlet
polo ralph lauren shirts
ugg boots outlet
coach factory outlet
north face outlet
montblanc pens
canada goose canada
moncler jackets
ugg outlet
coach outlet online
uggs outlet
moncler jackets
ralph lauren uk
true religion jeans
true religion jeans
mbt outlet
longchamp outlet store
coach factory outlet
air jordans
discount nike
coach factory online
ralph lauren outlet
coach outlet online
ralph lauren outlet
pandora jewelry
longchamp outlet online
adidas yeezy
giuseppe zanotti sneakers
mulberry uk
under armour clearance
ugg boots
ray ban sunglasses
coach outlet
cheap mlb jerseys
north face outlet
coach factory outlet
uggs outlet
ugg australia
fitflops sandals
michael kors handbags
tory burch outlet
adidas wings
ugg boots sale
nike huarache shoes
christian louboutin outlet
ugg outlet
cheap nhl jerseys
polo ralph lauren outlet
uggs outlet online
longchamp bags
ugg australia boots
salvatore ferragamo
converse shoes
michael kors outlet
north face canada
coach outlet
canada goose clearance
ray ban sunglasses
burberry outlet online
ugg boots outlet
michael kors handbags
new balance shoes
calvin klein underwear
michael kors outlet 75% off
ray ban sunglasses
michael kors outlet clearance
true religion jeans
kate spade sale
ray ban sunglasses
coach outlet
coach outlet
chicago blackhawks jersey
soccer jerseys
ralph lauren
north face clearance
kate spade outlet store
uggs outlet
birkenstock outlet
air max uk
oakley sunglasses wholesale
jordan shoes
ray ban uk
cheap jordan shoes
hermes birkin bag
adidas stan smith
ugg boots
ugg boots on sale 65% off
ugg boots
uggs outlet
ugg slippers
ugg boots
nike factory store
nike huarache
louis vuitton outlet
adidas stan smith shoes
kate spade outlet online
christian louboutin shoes
pandora jewelry
cheap uggs outlet
moncler pas cher
coach outlet
ugg australia
kate spade outlet
michael kors bags
michael kors outlet clearance
ray ban sunglasses outlet
supra shoes
ugg boots
christian louboutin pas cher
ralph lauren uk
burberry scarves
cheap ugg boots
adidas outlet
ugg factory outlet
oakley sunglasses
ugg boots clearance
oakley sunglasses cheap
prada outlet
coach outlet online
prada outlet
christian louboutin outlet
nike nfl jerseys
coach bags
kate spade sale
longchamp outlet
michael kors outlet clearance
supreme shirts
air jordan retro
ugg boots
pandora bracelet
uggs clearance
sac longchamp
mlb jerseys
moncler outlet
nike blazer
nfl jerseys from china
nike store
d&g sunglasses
cheap nfl jerseys
moncler outlet
ralph lauren outlet
hermes birkin handbags
oakley vault
ugg australia
jordan shoes
nike outlet 30% off
supreme outlet
cheap oakley sunglasses
michael kors outlet
ugg clearance
nike air force 1
burberry sale
ugg boots
burberry outlet
ray ban sunglasses
adidas jeremy scott
tory burch outlet online
michael kors outlet
ferragamo shoes
ray ban sunglasses
michael kors outlet online
oakley sunglasses
moncler jacket
michael kors outlet
ugg boots
ugg australia
the north face outlet
michael kors
ugg outlet
louboutin outlet
ugg boots clearance
coach outlet store online
oakley sunglasses outlet
cheap jordans
michael kors uk
ugg outlet
retro jordans
hermes belt outlet
nike trainers uk
michael kors outlet online
ugg sale
red bottoms
coach outlet online
ugg outlet
coach outlet
coach outlet
fitflops shoes
true religion sale
hollister clothing
nike roshe run
north face jackets
doudoune canada goose
cheap ray ban sunglasses
cheap jordan shoes
hermes outlet
ugg boots
cheap ugg boots
michael kors handbags
coach factory outlet
versace glasses
pandora charms
fitflops sale
burberry outlet online
polo ralph lauren
michael kors outlet
birkenstock sandals
north face outlet
polo ralph lauren outlet
ugg outlet
coach outlet
fitflops sale clearance
true religion jeans
prada glasses
ugg boots
ugg outlet
louis vuitton handbags
pandora jewelry outlet
uggs outlet
ray ban sunglasses
cheap michael kors handbags
ugg boots
ugg australia
cheap nba jerseys
ugg boots
burberry canada
christian louboutin uk
tory burch
adidas shoes
tory burch outlet
north face outlet
canada goose outlet
ugg sale
ugg boots outlet
ugg boots
prada outlet online
manolo blahnik outlet
the north face outlet
oakley sunglasses
under armour shoes
ugg canada
mlb jerseys
longchamp handbags
canada goose outlet
polo ralph lauren
cheap ray ban sunglasses
ugg boots outlet
nike factory store
ray ban sunglasses
nfl jerseys wholesale
polo ralph lauren outlet
montblanc pen
salvatore ferragamo outlet
uggs outlet online
north face outlet
ugg outlet online
adidas outlet clearance
oakley vault
moncler outlet
coach wallets
baseball jerseys
coach outlet
michael kors outlet
cartier glasses
mulberry bags
north face jackets
air jordan shoes
michael kors outlet
michael kors outlet
nike outlet store
canada goose outlet
ralph lauren polo
the north face outlet
ray ban sunglasses outlet
nike air max 95
christian louboutin shoes
michael kors handbags
coach outlet
mulberry sale
moncler uk
north face uk
christian louboutin outlet
ugg sale
adidas yeezy
ugg boots
cheap ugg boots
adidas outlet store
coach outlet online
nike store uk
birkenstock uk
polo ralph lauren outlet
ugg outlet store
adidas trainers
ugg boots uk
ugg outlet online
oakley sunglasses cheap
ray ban sunglasses
nfl jerseys wholesale
cheap jordans
vibram five fingers
carrera sunglasses
coach factory outlet
fitflops shoes
adidas trainers uk
michael kors handbags
ugg outlet
pandora charms
mont blanc ballpoint pens
ugg slippers
canada goose outlet
salvatore ferragamo belt
coach outlet online
canada goose jackets
ugg outlet
polo ralph lauren outlet
coach factory outlet
fitflops shoes
cheap nfl jerseys
the north face
ugg factory outlet
polo ralph lauren
nike air max
tommy hilfiger canada
ugg boots
cheap snapbacks
dior sunglasses
ugg outlet
true religion outlet
oakley sunglasses
burberry scarf
ugg boots on sale
polo ralph lauren
coach factory outlet
oakley sunglasses
coach factory outlet online
rolex watches
christian louboutin outlet
ugg australia
polo outlet
ugg australia
armani sunglasses
pandora canada
red bottom heels
uggs australia
swarovski crystal
oakley sunglasses wholesale
hollister co
nike factory outlet
adidas originals
kate spade outlet
michael kors handbags
superdry uk
louis vuitton outlet
supreme clothing
canada goose sale
ugg boots
replica watches
christian louboutin shoes
uggs outlet
cheap jordan shoes
nhl jerseys wholesale
louis vuitton
cheap oakley sunglasses
ugg sale
canada goose canada
cheap nfl jerseys
cheap jordans
ugg boots on sale
michael kors outlet
coach factory outlet online
cheap jordan shoes
uggs uk
ugg outlet
prada handbags
uggs outlet
uggs slippers
the north face outlet
tory burch outlet online
uggs classic boots
michael kors uk
coach factory outlet
true religion jeans
nike nfl jerseys
adidas nmd runner
uggs clearance
ugg boots
chenyingying20170926

polo ralph lauren outlet online polo ralph lauren outlet online ray ban sunglasses discount pandora jewelry cheap uggs discount oakley sunglasses pandora charms coach outlet store nike air max cheap oakley sunglasses nmd adidas ray ban sunglasses discount ray ban sunglasses ugg boots canada goose outlet polo ralph lauren ugg boots toms shoes outlet ugg outlet pandora jewelry michael kors outlet online cheap jordans coach outlet pandora jewelry jordan shoes cheap uggs adidas shoes longchamp uk air jordans canada goose christian louboutin cheap jordans free shipping michael kors outlet clearance kate spade outlet coach outlet canada goose outlet ugg outlet cheap ray ban sunglasses hermes birkin michael kors canada coach outlet gucci outlet coach outlet store online clearances cat boots moncler jackets ralph lauren sale clearance superdry canada goose uk ugg shoes louis vuitton outlet pandora charms nike outlet beats by dre birkenstocks nike store ralph lauren outlet coach bags ugg boots michael kors outlet coach outlet ultra boost canada goose outlet doudoune moncler ralph lauren outlet online ralph lauren uk cheap jerseys ugg sandals ugg outlet hermens bags canada goose clothing pandora jewelry coach outlet pandora outlet coach handbags canada goose sale mulberry handbags michael kors outlet ugg outlet ralph lauren outlet tory burch outlet cheap uggs louis vuitton outlet store coach outlet louis vuitton outlet online cheap jerseys from china michael kors handbags coach outlet store online oakley sunglasses moncler outlet moncler jackets coach factory outlet birkenstock sandals longchamp outlet adidas yeezy boost burberry outlet jordans coach factory outlet coach factory outlet ralph lauren uk coach outlet louis vuitton factory outlet polo ralph lauren north face outlet online mulberry uk oakley sunglasses ray ban sunglasses adidas outlet longchamp handbags cheap uggs timberland boots pandora charms sale clearance ugg outlet adidas nmd michael kors outlet red bottoms shoes louis vuitton oakley sunglasses adidas yeezy hermes handbags louboutin shoes canada goose jackets michael kors handbags nike shoes ugg boots canada cheap oakley sunglasses pandora outlet coach outlet online michael kors handbags burberry outlet oakley sunglasses tory burch outlet store moncler coats polo ralph lauren outlet ugg slippers coach outlet ugg slippers polo outlet ralph lauren outlet online ugg sale pandora charms sale ralph lauren outlet canada goose sale louis vuitton outlet ralph lauren outlet toms shoes outlet pandora jewelry coach outlet hermes outlet adidas yeezy ugg boots on sale coach outlet adidas nmd ugg outlet store canada goose coats coach outlet store ray ban sunglasses ugg boots harden vol 1 fred perry polo michael kors outlet online kate spade handbags coach outlet nmd adidas pandora charms jordan retro ugg outlet store nfl jerseys wholesale louis vuitton outlet store pandora cheap mlb jerseys rayban ray ban sunglasses polo ralph lauren mbt shoes valentino shoes outlet adidas superstar cheap jordans coach outlet store louboutin shoes michael kors outlet kate spade outlet store adidas nmd cheap mlb jerseys rayban coach outlet store air max 2018 adidas yeezy boost canada goose outlet valentino shoes moncler outlet toms outlet coach outlet michael kors handbags ugg boots outlet ugg boots ralph lauren outlet online ralph lauren outlet christian louboutin outlet cheap ugg boots toms outlet christian louboutin outlet coach outlet coach factory outlet fred perry tory burch outlet coach factory outlet yeezy boost 350 ugg outlet cheap uggs ugg boots for women mbt shoes burberry outlet canada ugg ustralia ugg boots on sale polo ralph lauren outlet online polo ralph lauren outlet coach outlet coach factory outlet nike outlet online canada goose jackets coach factory outlet online coach outlet online uggs clearance ralph lauren outlet red bottom shoes fitflops sale michael kors outlet coach factory outlet ugg outlet cheap ray ban sunglasses nike air max michael kors outlet store coach canada hermes handbags michael kors outlet ugg boots nmd shoes louis vuitton outlet moncler outlet coach factory outlet coach factory outlet james harden shoes pandora jewelry adidas superstar uggs canada coach factory outlet ralph lauren outlet north face outlet pandora uk christian louboutin michael kors outlet store ralph lauren uk michael kors canada christian louboutin outlet ugg boots jordan retro 11 adidas shoes moncler jackets outlet michael kors factory outlet ugg sandals yeezy 350 boost air jordans louboutin shoes yeezy boost hermes bags canada goose cheap ray bans coach factory outlet burberry sale oakley sunglasses ralph lauren outlet birkenstock sandals air max 2017 canada goose jackets uggs ugg sale christian louboutin outlet canada goose outlet longchamp uk pandora charms sale clearance louis vuitton outlet ugg outlet nike huarache kate spade kate spade handbag hermes handbags nike outlet uggs outlet ugg outlet toms shoes coach outlet canada goose outlet coach outlet cheap ugg boots coach factory outlet adidas shoes canada goose sale coach outlet coach outlet coach outlet mulberry outlet coach outlet store coach factory outlet salvatore ferragamo shoes ugg boots kate spade cheap jordans michael kors outlet ralph lauren outlet red bottoms ralph lauren outlet ugg australia ugg outlet uggs on sale uggs coach canada pandora charms sale polo ralph lauren michael kors handbags air jordan shoes longchamp bags nike shoes michael kors outlet polo ralph lauren outlet ray ban sunglasses canada goose jackets polo ralph lauren outlet online longchamp handbags coach outlet cheap oakley sunglasses kate spade bags michael kors outlet clearance birkenstocks ugg outlet online supreme uk ray ban sunglasses discount michael kors outlet michael kors outlet store polo ralph lauren outlet online pandora outlet coach factory outlet adidas yeezy yeezy boost canada goose cheap jordans canada goose sale nike shoes ugg outlet ralph lauren uk cheap ray ban sunglasses ugg ustralia kate spade outlet mlb jerseys cheap christian louboutin timberland outlet moncler moncler jackets toms shoes ralph lauren sale clearance michael kors outlet ugg boots adidas outlet adidas nmd coach factory outlet coach factorty outlet north face jackets yeezy boost cheap jordans pandora jewelry outlet moncler outlet ugg outlet store ugg boots cheap jordan shoes nike outlet store louis vuitton outlet online adidas outlet nike cortez coach factory outlet uggs on sale michael kors outlet superdry uk ugg outlet michael kors outlet canada goose coats salvatore ferragamo coach outlet fitflops michael kors uk ugg boots ugg shoes cheap nfl jerseys pandora charms adidas yeezy moncler outlet ray ban sunglasses coach outlet ugg outlet ralph lauren outlet online nike shoes for men canada goose outlet canada goose jackets 20171006yueqin

New site is solid. A debt of gratitude is in order for the colossal exertion. koofers

I’ve read some good stuff here. Definitely worth bookmarking for revisiting. I surprise how much effort you put to create such a great informative website. Our Web Page

This is my first time i visit here. I found so many entertaining stuff in your blog, especially its discussion. From the tons of comments on your articles, I guess I am not the only one having all the leisure here! Keep up the good work. I have been meaning to write something like this on my website and you have given me an idea. USB Charging Backpack

We are tied directly into the sate’s renewal database which allows us to process your request almost instantly. Harperzon Forexify Equalizer

Leave a comment









Visit our community forum!